**Resources for Teaching and Learning Physics**

If any link is broken or if you have a contribution for the list, please contact Archie.

Contents:

- Generalities
- The Nature of Physics, Units and Measurement
- Kinematics
- Dynamics
- Work & Energy
- Center of Mass, Momentum and Collisions
- Static Equilibrium and Rotational Motion
- Fluids
- Thermodynamics
- Oscillations, Waves, Sound
- Electricity & Magnetism
- Optics
- Modern Physics

*Last modified on August 20, 2023 by Archie.*

Collections of lectures, sims, and more on all Physics topics.

- edX
- Khan Academy Physics library
- The Physics Classroom: tutorials and interactive exercises at the high-school level
- List of Physics & Astronomy online courses (many)

- OpenStax University Physics – a calculus-based open Physics textbook
- OpenStax College Physics 2e – an algebra-based open Physics textbook
- The
Feynman Lectures are brilliant Physics lectures for advanced
undergraduates
- Volume I: mainly mechanics, radiation, and heat
- Volume II: mainly electromagnetism and matter
- Volume III: quantum mechanics

- a free Calculus-Based Physics Textbook with ancillary resources, by Jeffrey W. Schnick, Physics Department of Saint Anselm College
- HyperPhysics: a concept-map of Physics topics

- iLecture - Online: a series of short videos on many topics
- Earl Haig High School Physics: a series of videos of high school teachers working at a blackboard
- Open Yale Courses has a series of lectures for
- Lectures by Walter Lewin from MIT OpenCourseWare

- Crash Course Physics: a series of 10-minute videos from PBS on Physics topics
- The Mechanical Universe – Physiscs 1, 2 and 3. 52 half-hour videos. They’re from the 1980s, but well-produced by Caltech.

- films on demand from the Madison College library
- kanopy movies for streaming

- Desmos is a nice free graphing calculator
- Wolfram Alpha can do equation solving and calculus
- Jupyter Notebook is a scientific computing environment (see Archie’s IPython Intro for more)
- Symbolab includes graphing, simultaneous equation solver and more
- Cymath shows steps for equation solving
- SymPy Gamma equation solving and graphing (like Wolfram Alpha but free)
- a free video analysis and modeling tool

- Kahn Academy: Basic Trigonometry video lectures and practice
- math review videos
- Mathispower4u short videos on many math topics up to linear algebra and differential equations
- “Crash Course Physics”: Derivatives (10 min), Integrals (10 min)

- Vectors
- Essence of linear algebra - a 15 video series

- Archie’s Free Software List
- Course materials for several courses from the Univ. of Colorado Physics Education Research group
- PhysPort (from the AAPT) has resources based on physics education research (PER) to support teaching. Includes the New Faculty Workshop video series.
- AP Physics Courses: resources for teachers
- AP Physics 1 (algbebra-based, first semester)
- AP Physics 2 (algbebra-based, second semester)
- AP Physics C: Mechanics (calc-based)
- AP Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism (calc-based)

- Vector Images (free)
- Digital Public Library of America – images, texts, videos, and sounds
- Public domain images, free stock photos
- Free images Thousands of free stock images.

- Tutors for Physics
- Madison College tutors are available at the Student Achievement Center (room A2000, Truax). It is staffed by students who have successfully taken Physics classes, and even by a couple Physical Science instructors. Check at the welcome desk to find when physics experts are available.
- Online tutoring (Brainfuse) is available to all enrolled students.
Access your free account via your course Blackboard page (or ask your
instructor).

- You can hire a tutor at the following sites. (Results may vary.)

- Study Tips
- “How To Succeed in Phyiscs and reduce your workload” (pdf, 1MB): a document with many helpful tips for students in an Algebra-based Phyiscs class.
- The 10 Rules of Good Studying

- phet
- javalab
- simbucket
- Falstad.com simple simulations
- Boston U simple simulations in HTML5
- OPhysics - a collection of simple Phyiscs simulations
- PhysClips site by UNSW (Sydney, Austr.)
- The Physics Aviary sims & activities

- Kahn Academy: Significant Figures
- Earl Haig: metric unit conversions video lecture
- Radiolab (NY public radio) has a fun 20-min podcast on the SI units
- Pirates – yes, pirates – may be why the U.S. doesn’t use the metric system (Wahsington Post, Sept 19 2017) “In 1793, botanist and aristocrat Joseph Dombey set sail from Paris with two standards for the new ‘metric system’…” but he was interrupted by pirates.
- Extreme Numbers Get New Names – General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) voted to introduce four new prefixes to SI on Nov 18, 2022: ronna (R) and quetta (Q) represent `10^27` and `10^30`, and ronto (r) and quecto (q) signify `10^{−27}` and `10^{−30}`.
- videos:
- bizarre units (19 min): parsecs, eV, snub, kerma (KE released per unit mass), and others
- Atom Bombs and Dimensional Analysis
- MIT Lecture 1: Powers of 10, Units, Dimensions, Uncertainties, Scaling Arguments (38 min)
- Powers of Ten (9 min) a classic from 1977

- interactive figures: graph slopes, motion graphs
- simulation:
- videos:
- Motion in a Straight Line: Crash Course Physics (PBS) graphs of x, v, and a
- MIT Lecture 2: 1D Kinematics - Speed, Velocity, Acceleration (50 min)
- relative motion of a ball fired from a cannon at 60mph, from a truck going 60mph
- free fall in a vacuum (4.5 min)

- PhET simulation: vector addition
- Kahn Academy: vector mathematics video lectures and exercises
- videos:
- MIT Lecture 3: Vectors - Dot Products - Cross Products - 3D Kinematics (50 min)
- Kahn Academy: 2D vectors

- videos:
- MIT Lecture 4: 3D Kinematics, Free Falling Reference Frames (52 min)
- slip-n-slide projectile (it’s fake, but funny) – Myth Busters re-create the jump (5 min)
- Kahn Academy: projectile problem
- Vectors and 2D Motion Crash Course Physics #4
- 2D relative motion
- inertial reference frames (up to 8:47)
- projectile motion with horizontal motion (gif on reddit)

- interactive figures: projectile velocity components, projectile range

- Phet simulations: forces in 1D
- videos:
- Newton’s Laws: Crash Course Physics (intro at the AP Physics level)

- Phet simulations: friction, forces in 1D, forces on a ramp
- videos:
- ramp force puzzle – ramp force hoax
- friction at Crash Course Physics (11 min)
- hammer and feather drop on moon (1 min)

- Phet simulations:
- Kahn Academy videos: Gravitation
- interactive figures: elliptical geometry, elliptical orbits, Kepler’s 2nd Law, Universal Gravitation, rotation of a body
- videos:
- Moon shielding Earth from collision with space junk (gif), info on the video
- cd shattering at 170k FPS
- fictitious forces in accelerating ref. frame (up to 21:30)
- Coriolis force (3 min)
- If the Moon were at the same distance as the ISS
- vomit comet
- many-body gravitational attraction
- Feynman’s Lost Lecture (21.5 min) on why planets orbit in ellipses - a geometrical approach

- interactive simulation:
- Relativistic Space Sheep: fictitious forces in space
- jumping on Earth vs jumping on the moon (gif)
- tides on earth (flash)

- images:

- Phet simulations:
- interactive figures: energy of projectile, energy of spring, force of spring
- videos:
- MIT Lecture 11: Work, Kinetic & Potential Energy, Gravitation, Conservative Forces (49 min)
- work, energy and power in a hockey slapshot
- Car engine power and gears
- kinetic energy storage mechanism for a xar
- A Bicycle-Powered House? (3.5 min)
- power from a gutter collecting rain (17 min)
- comparing springs in seriers and parallel (9.5 min) compared to Braess’s Paradox for traffic.

- Phet simulation: collision lab
- Kahn Academy videos: Impacts and linear momentum
- problems, tutorials and interactive exercises at The Physics Classroom: momentum
- videos:
- MIT Lecture 15: Momentum, Conservation of Momentum, Center of Mass (49 min)
- MIT Lecture 16: Elastic & Inelastic Collisions, Center of Mass Frame of Reference (49 min)
- MIT Lecture 17: Impulse, Rockets (48 min)
- Scutaro line drive – an animated gif showning a baseball bat slow down upon transferring momentum to a baseball
- stick balancing (center of mass)
- Center of Mass puzzle and its solution
- workplace accident when the center of mass is not over a support (gif)
- Shuttle Discovery launch showing 20k lbs/sec burning to lift rocket
- tyranny of the rocket equation (12 min) discusses the small payload mass allowed by the rocket equation
- rocket ejecta mass visualized in elephants (gif) - Saturn V rocket
- Stacked Ball Drop (3.5 min)

- Phet simulations: Torque, ladybug revolution
- interactive figure: rotation of a body
- videos:
- moment of inertia demo: cute kids swinging sticks
- moment of inertia demo: rolling disks down a ramp, revealing what’s inside the disks
- angular momentum conservation: how a cat lands on its feet
- kid spins when torque applied silly short video
- what is angular momentum?: angular momentum of an object moving in a straight line is conserved
- figure skaters and L (openstax video)
- Bizarre spinning toys
- Visualization of Torques (6 min)
- intermediate axis theorem
- intermediate axis theorem demo in space (gif)
- good explainer on why this works (15 min) including an explanation of why bodies such as planets and asteroids always spin about their axis of greatest inertia

- MIT Lecture 19 - Rotating Objects, Moment of Inertia, Rotational KE, Neutron Stars (41 min)
- MIT Lecture 20 - Angular Momentum, Torques, Conservation of Angular Momentum (51 min)
- MIT Lecture 21 - Torques, Oscillating Bodies, Physical Pendulums (48 min)
- MIT Lecture 24 - Rolling Motion, Gyroscopes, VERY NON-INTUITIVE (49 min)
- gyroscopes

- Kahn Academy videos: Torque and Angular Momentum

- Phet simulation: Balancing Act (torque balancing)
- Kahn Academy videos: Torque and Angular Momentum
- videos:
- Bicycle Pulling Puzzle difficult torque and rotation puzzle
- MIT Lecture 25 - Static Equilibrium, Stability, Rope Warker (48 min)
- MIT Lecture 26 - Elasticity, Young’s Modulus (50 min)

- Phet simulations: Balloons & Buoyancy, Under Pressure, Buoyancy
- videos:
- A railroad tank car imploding after pumping out air.
- Pythagorus cup
- steel ball floating on mercury
- boat on “air” (sulfur hexafluoride)
- boat lift (2.5 min)

- articles:

- videos:
- fluid dynamics intro video by yours truly
- pitch drop experiment with more info here
- Magnus Effect (3.5 min)
- laminar flow (gif)
- debunking an old airfoil myth (1 min)
- Lift and Wings (10 min) also debunking some myths and summarizing the correct theory (Navier-Stokes)

- Phet simulation: Fluid Pressure and Flow

- Simulations & Interactive Figures:
- Gas Properties (PhET)
- States of Matter (PhET)
- Blackbody Temperature curves simple interactive figure (with Wien’s displacement - law)
- animated figure: simple heat conduction

- videos:
- NOVA: Conquest of Cold (99 min)
- History of the Fahrenheit scale (5.5 min)
- Cyclohexane at the Triple Point
- How to count 52 factorial
- Maxwell’s Demon and the Nature of Information (12 min)
- 2nd Law illustration
- A better description of entropy (12 min): “Energy is only useful when it’s clumped together; and when you use that energy, you’re spreading it out.”
- perpetual motion can’t work (5.5 min)

- PhET simulations:
- interactive figures:
- spring force (swf)
- energy of a spring (swf)
- position graph for harmonic motion (swf)
- circular motion (swf)
- amplitude independance (swf)
- trig functions (swf)
- energy of a pendulum (swf)
- damped oscillator (swf)

- Kahn Academy: Harmonic Motion 1 and Harmonic Motion 2 video lectures
- Earl Haig video lecture on resonance
- videos:
- Finding the Center of Percussion of a baseball bat (1.5 min)
- natural vibration of objects to model motion (start at 13:17) TED talk
- swaying (1 min) of the millenium bridge in London
- car suspension (animated gif)

- articles:
- moth wings have scales that resonate at frequencies that bat use to echolocate, making them ‘stealth’ (published paper)

- PhET simulations:
- Wave Interference,
- Normal Modes (standing waves), Wave on a String

- interactive figures:
- traveling wave (swf)
- wavelength and frequency (swf)
- superposition & standing waves (swf)
- pulse reflection (swf)
- standing wave (swf)

- tracking ocean waves describes the origin of ocean swells and the amazing distances they travel
- videos:

- videos:
- why it’s impossible to tune a piano: standing waves on a string, harmonics

- PhET simulations: Sound
- interactive figures:
- wave beats (swf)
- Wave Interference and Beat Frequency
- sound
- doppler effect,
- doppler effect on the road
- audio spectrum analyzer
- virtual oscilloscope allows you to visualise live sound input

- videos:
- demo of a shock diamond; a shock diamond is a formation of stading waves in supersonic jets
- sound reflections from objects TED talk
- Breaking Glass with Sound (2.5 min)

- other
- Acoustic Mirrors – Before the Invention of the Radar
- What does sound look like? (2.5 min): visualizations using Schlieren imaging

- Kahn Academy videos:
- Electric charge (12 min)
- Coulomb’s Law (12 min)
- Conductors and Insulators (13.5 min)
- Conservation of Charge (9 min)
- Electric field definition
- Electric field direction
- Magnitude of electric field created by a charge
- Net electric field from multiple charges in 1D
- Net electric field from multiple charges in 2D (10 min)
- Electric field (13.5 min)
- Field from infinite plate (part 1)
- Field from infinite plate (part 2)

- Simulations & Interactive Figures:
- electroscope sim
- vector field vizualization java applet
- Phet Electric Field Hockey
- Phet Charges and Fields
- Phet Charges and Fields (html5)
- Phet Balloons and Static Electricity
- Phet Electric Field of Dreams
- electric force and field (swf)
- Coulomb force (swf)
- Electric field line simulator
- PhysicsClassroom.com interactives

- Reading
- PhysicsClassroom.com (elementary): Electric Field and the Movement of Charge, Electric Potential, Electric Potential Difference
- The Feynman Lectures: Electrostatic Energy (advanced)
- The Feynman Lectures: Electricity in the Atmosphere (advanced)

- PhET simulations: Capacitor Lab, Circuit Construction Kit
- Kahn Academy videos:
- electric potential Electric potential energy, Electric potential energy (part 2– involves calculus), Voltage (9 min), Electric potential energy of charges, Electric potential at a point in space, Electric potential charge configuration
- capacitors Capacitors and capacitance (6 min), Capacitance (13.5 min), Energy of a capacitor (6.5 min), Capacitors in series (9.5 min), Capacitors in parallel (10 min), Dielectrics in capacitors (6.5 min)

- videos: high voltage power line inspection - man in a faraday-cage suit, capacitor as defibrillator, super capacitors as next generation batteries, dielectric breakdown (9 sec) of air at a power plant (explanation)

- Reading
- Simulations & Interactive Figures:
- Circuit Construction Kit PhET simulation
- simple LRC Circuit sim

- Kahn Academy:
- Introduction to circuits and Ohm’s law (12 min)
- Resistors in series (11 min)
- Resistors in parallel (12.5 min)
- Example: Analyzing a more complex resistor circuit (7 min)
- Analyzing a resistor circuit with two batteries (10 min)
- Resistivity and conductivity (12 min)
- Kirchhoff’s current law (6 min)
- Kirchhoff’s voltage law (7 min)
- Electric power (11 min)
- Voltmeters and Ammeters (8 min)
- Electrolytic conductivity (4 min)

- Kahn Academy:
- Simulations & Interactive Figures:
- videos:
- magneto-hydrodynamics of the sun
- simulation of the Earth’s magnetic field deflecting solar wind (gif)
- MAGNETS: How Do They Work?
- PBS Nova, Michael Faraday (up to 2:26) re-enactment of Faraday’s first electric motor.
- dc motor (5 min)
- Magnetic force on current: Mercury vortex in a magnetic field (gif)
- Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism (4.5 min)
- Magnetic Force Does NOT Exist (4 min), or rather, are part of an electromagnetic force (if a force disappears when viewed from another perspective, it’s a fictitious force)

- Kahn Academy:
- Simulations & Interactive Figures:
- Faraday’s Electromagnetic Lab
- magnetic field flux (swf)
- Lenz’s Law (swf)
- AC generator (swf)
- DC generator (swf)

- videos:
- Substation arcing: shutting down substation not easy due to large inductance
- DIY Electric Train with a battery, spring and magnets
- Lenz’s Law youtube video
- Electromagnetic Rail Gun
- How a Crystal Radio Works

- animated gif:

- videos:
- Finding The Speed Of Light With Peeps Standing waves in a microwave oven can be used to measure the speed of light.
- Maxwell Bio (10.5 min)
- How Microwaving Grapes Makes Plasma (8 min) demonstrates standing waves in a grape

- Simulations & Interactive Figures:

- PhET simulations: Bending Light (refraction), Convex Lens Optics
- interactive figures:
- swf active figures: law of reflection, flat mirror image, curved mirror image, lens images
- simluation of caustics

- videos:
- why is light slower in glass when c should be constant? (no animation, just a physicist sitting and talking about it)
- creating an image from refraction (3 min)
- optical effects under a wave (gif): a “caustic network”
- Bell’s Theorem and the 3-polarizer effect (17 min)

- photos:
- news:
- flat metalenses made with nanotubes (a new one that focusses all visible wavelengths)

- videos:
- computer color is broken: vision is logarithmic in intensity, computers are not
- sphere is coated in Vantablack, the darkest pigment ever, making it look 2 dimensional (gif) Vantablack is a substance made of vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays and one of the blackest artificial substances known, absorbing up to 99.965% of radiation in the visible spectrum.
- James Webb
Space Telescope assembly,
- article at nasa.gov,
- article at space.com – Nov 2016; factoids: seven times the collecting area of the Hubble telescope; JWST will run close to absolute zero in temperature at the Lagrange Point 2, would be able to see a bumblebee a moon’s distance away, both in reflected light and in the body heat the bee emitted; mirrors so smooth that if you stretched the array to the size of the U.S., the hills and valleys of irregularity would be only a few inches high

- Why you can’t take a good picture of a rainbow (14 min) how the eye percieves color

- Simulations & Interactive Figures:
- Aperture Size and Depth of Field simple interactive figure

- videos:
- interferometry: NY Times on the LIGO discovery
- The Original Double Slit Experiment (7.5 min) a Veritasium video; man takes a two-slit experiement out the the beach to let people see the effect
- How To Make Colour With Holes (5.5 min) – making a diffraction grating

- simulations: Phet Wave Interference, resolution jar file
- interactive figures: two-slit interference, multiple-slit interference, diffraction grating, single-slit interference, double polarizers, michaelson-morley interferometry, michaelson-morley ether wind

- Reading
- Special Relativity: featured book at Wikibooks (also in pdf, 17 MB, 164 pages)
- Getting the Lorentz transformations without requiring an invariant speed (pdf): a 2015 paper showing that “The existence of an invariant speed is not a necessary assumption, and in fact is a consequence of the principle of relativity… [With an] elementary proof of the result, suitable for use in an introductory course in special relativity.” (link to arxiv site)
- Einstein’s 3-page paper giving
*E=mc*(from Sep 27, 1905): Does the inertia of a body depend upon its energy content?^{2}

- interactive figures:
- Michaelson-Morley experiment (swf)
- length contraction (swf)
- light clock (swf)

- videos:
- Visualization of Special Relativity
- How Special Relativity Makes Magnets Work
- The Speed of Light is not About Light; it’s the “speed of causality”
- Carl Sagan discusses why the speed of light must be constant (4 min) to avoid logical contradictions
- Einstein’s
Big Idea: a NOVA documentary on
*E=mc*with dramatic re-enactment,^{2}

- videos:
- Dr Quantum does the double slit experiment
- oil droplets move like particles in a pilot wave
- the UV catastrophe
- QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter: a series of lectures by Richard Feynman (8 10-min videos)
- “Imaginary Numbers are Real” is a series of videos that illustrate that there’s nothing bizarre about complex numbers. See especially video 9 (5.5 min).

- Simulations & Interactive Figures:
- Photoelectric Effect,
- Electron Diffraction,
- Quantum Wave Interference
- Visualization of Quantum Physics 14.5 min
- interactive figure: photoelectric effect (swf)

- fiction: Mr. Tompkins (pdf, 3MB) stories about a world in which modern physics effects are more easily observable

- PhET simulations: Lasers, Neon Lights and Other Discharge Lamps, Models of the H Atom, Blackbody Spectrum
- interactive figures: Bohr atom
- videos:
- why is glass transparent?: physicist explains in terms of energy gaps (including demo with photo diode)

- videos
- PhET simulations: Nuclear Fission, Alpha Decay, Beta Decay
- interactive figures: radioactive decay,

- videos:
- A Brief History of Everything featuring Neil deGrasse Tyson (8.5 min)

- WPI Open Educational Resources
- some good video here: https://www.youtube.com/user/EugeneKhutoryansky
- look at several minute physics vids: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLED25F943F8D6081C
- check these vids out: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJicmE8fK0EgnWzPUgQ4D1_oLuye0wc2Z

Here is an older version (2019) of this page.